Saffron and Iran are uniquely linked together. Iran harvests about 80% of the world’s production of saffron. Despite its small size, this spice is quite expensive, and is suitable for many applications.
Persian saffron is a natural spice also called Red Gold. It is globally known for its incomparable quality, fascinating fragrance, pleasant flavor, and superb coloring strength.
The scientific name for saffron is crocus sativus. It is both a bulbous and herbal plant. The lifespan of the saffron plant is 7 to 10 years. The brown bulb of the saffron plant belongs to the corm family. Each bulb grows into 6 to 9 thin, herbal leaves. In the autumn, one or two pink or purple colored flowers bloom from each corm. The pistil of the saffron flower is in the center and contains the ovary and the thin, yellow style growing inside. Saffron flowers have bright, red stigmas that are 20 to 30 mm in length. The stigma is the edible and commercial part of saffron. The stigma has many chemical components, such as:
carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins, pigment (especially crocin), essence (especially safranal) and flavorings (especially picrocin). Saffron and Iran are uniquely linked together. Iran harvests about 80% of the world’s production of saffron. Despite its small size, this spice is quite expensive, and is suitable for many applications.
Usage of saffron:
- Food industry, Food and Beverages
- Medicinal & Pharmaceutical
- Best Precious Gift
Sargol Saffron (All Red Saffron)
This kind of saffron is pure and contains the stigma without the style.
The Threads or stigma of the flower is the actual source of saffron. 105-115 kg of saffron flowers produces 1kg of sargol saffron. Persian Sargol saffron in Iran exceeding ISO 3632 Grade 1 standard and has very high quality. In Spain it is called cope saffron.
Color potency of Sargol grade is very high and the score in Iranian saffron is between 220-270usp.
Pushal Negin Saffron (Mancha saffron)
Pushal Sargol is a hybrid that produces saffron which is longer and thicker than common saffron.
Pushal Saffron (Mancha saffron)
Pushal saffron contains the stigma with an approximate 3-5 mm style. This kind of saffron has lower color strength respect to Sargol saffron.
It is produced at the early stages of harvesting season. This saffron grade is not cut like sargol and therefore contains more yellow parts from the style of the plant and higher floral waste. It contains 5% flower waste.
It is called mancha saffron in Spain. 101 kg of saffron flowers produces 1kg of sargol saffron.
This kind of saffron contains the stigma with the whole style.
Bunch saffron includes the entire saffron thread (red part) as well as the style (whitish yellow part), which are bunched together with a string.